This practice was enforced under the law. However amongst other Chinese ethnicities polyandry existed and exists, especially in mountainous areas. The number of concubines was sometime regulated, which differs according to the men's rank. Marriages during this time included a number of mandatory steps, of which the most important of them was the presentation of betrothal gifts from the groom and his family to the bride and her family. In a subsistence economywhen available land could not support more than one family, dividing it between surviving sons would eventually lead to a situation in which none would have the resources to survive; in such a situation a family would together marry a wife, who would be the wife of all the brothers in the family. The boy's parents selected a wedding date through the art of divination and solicited agreement of the girl's parents. The forbidden marriage policy on people bearing the same surname was launched and carried out in the Western Zhou Dynasty BC BC to guarantee a clear feudal patriarchal hierarchy and order of inheritance such as the throne and property.
The basic principles of an ancient marriage mainly involved the matched social status, the dictates of the parents and the advice of the matchmaker, the ban of the marriage for a couple with the same surname and the tolerance toward polygamy.
It can happen at the same time as he marries the first wife, at a later time while the wife is still alive, or after she dies. Beside the traditional desire for male children to carry on the family name, this allowance partially resolves a dilemma created by the emperor himself. Liu spent most of his time collecting and appreciating calligraphy and paintings. Free love was absolutely banned in ancient China and was widely condemned as an offence to public decency according to the traditional Confucian ethic codes, so it was the task of parents to arrange marriage for their children in order to maintain order of the traditional patriarchal society. Retrieved 12 September And how many of us today use online dating, watch matchmaking TV showsor attend speed-dating events? University of California Press.